OLYMPIC RINGS AND FLAG FOR THE FIRST TIME WERE SEEN ON THE OG IN ANTWERP, 1920. FLAME WAS LIT FOR THE FIRST TIME ON THE MODERN OG IN AMSTERDAM 1928.
Symbols recognized by everyone
The Olympic movement uses many symbols, most of them representing Coubertin's ideas and ideals. The best known symbol is probably that of the Olympic Rings. These five intertwined rings represent the unity of five continents (the Americas are considered one continent). They appear in five colors on a white field on the Olympic Flag. These colors, white (for the field), red, blue, green, yellow, and black were chosen such that each nation had at least one of these colors in its national flag.
The flag was adopted in 1914, but the first Games at which it was flown were Antwerp, 1920. It is hoisted at each celebration of the Games.
Symbol of the eternal fire stams from the Greek mithology, from the famous story about Prometheus, who stole the fire from the home of God Zeus, and gave it to people. That motive was used by Greeks, so during the ancient Olympic games they always kept the eternal fire burning. For the first time on the opening of the modern Olympic games, the flame was lit on the Olympic games in Amsterdam 1928
The Olympic Torch today is ignited several months before the opening celebration of the Olympic Games at the site of the ancient Olympics in Olympia, Greece. Eleven women, representing the roles of priestesses, perform a ceremony in which the torch is kindled by the light of the Sun, its rays concentrated by a parabolic mirror.
The torch is then transported to the host city of the upcoming Olympics by a torch relay. Though traditionally, the flame is carried on foot, other means of transportation have been used as well. The runners have included athletes and celebrities, but many previously 'unknown' people have also carried it, often chosen for their personal merits and achievements.
Carrying the torch from Greece to place where Olympic Games are held, is impossible to travel by running. Nevertheless, it is done in that way wherever possible. Carrying the Olympic torch is special honour, escpecially for famous athletes from the countries through which the toch is passing through, on its way.
The final carrier is often kept secret until the last moment, and is usually a sports celebrity of the host country. Sometimes, the host choooses persons who are not directly involved in soprts, like it was the case on the Olympic games in Montreal 1976, where two young people were chosen to start the flame, young man from the French part of Canada, and young girl from English part of Canada, which symbolised togetherness of the two parts of the host country.
The Olympic Flame is lit in Olympia and brought to the host city by runners carrying the torch in relay. There it plays an important role in the opening ceremonies. Though the torch fire has been around since 1928, the relay was introduced in 1936.