International standards for doping control


International standards for doping control

Recognition of the Montenegrin Olympic Committee by the IOC, on 7th July this year in Guatemala, includes fulfillment of certain obligations, among others setting up national agency for doping control.

First step toward this is introduction to phases that need to be respected in this goal. This is the reason why the MOC has sent dr Mira Dašić, pediatrician and MA in medical science from the firld of sports medicine from Podgorica, to recent meeting of the Board of Regional Antidoping Organisation (RADO), held in Kiev on 5. and 6. September.

“Each recognised National Olympic Committee has an obligation to obay rules of the World Antidoping Organisation (WADA). According to organisational structure, Montenegro belongs to RADO organisation for East Europe.

In order to become their member, it must have national antidoping organisation, abbrevation NADO”, explaines dr Dašić.

Meeting in Kiev gathered representatives from nine countries – Armenia, Russia, Belorus, Gorgia, Macedonia, Moldova, Serbia, Ukraine and Montenegro.

Dr Dašić, what is the role of national anti doping organisation?
Until it is formed, its role is performed by National Olympic Committee. It is important to say that this organisation must be independent in its work, with full integrity and capacity. Within its scope of work it has several tasks. First one is to inform all involved parties in sport – institutions, sport associations, athletes themselves, coaches and medical staff, about illicit substances. Second one is to control use of these substances. It is important that athletes achieve their results without use of illicit substances, but it is maby more important to introduce them to consequences of such use on their health. We are talking about extremely serious and delicate issue. List of illicit substances is updated every year, since new chemicals are appearing on the maket all the time. Some of those substances are created in laboratories first of all as stimulances, which is forbidden, and some of them are part of chemical composition of drugs used in general and legal application. Mentioned list is created by special expert team of WADA, and it is distributed to national anti doping organisatins/NOCs. through regional centers. New list will be released in October.

On the list are also substances which are part of chewmical composition of drugs for public use?
Of course. Although, there is commission which decides in what case those substances are used as part of therapy, and in which case to improve sport results. This issue is precisely defined.

This means that doctor could prescribe athlete drug agains flue or cold, not knowing that he's prescribing illicit substance?
You're right. But, this commission is making a list of so called «withdrawal from use». Of course, doctors and medical stuff monitoring athletes have special. But athletes themselves must know what to do for their health.
Besides education, what will be the task of NADO?
First of all, it has to be established in adequate way. Than, within NADO must be formed commission to monitor usage of these substances on territory covered by the National Olympic Committee. Than, it must have, so called antidoping officers, persons who have passed anti doping training for taking samples. That sample is than sent for analysis to some of the laboratories accreditaed by WADA. First sample A is controlled, than sample B. If the result of the first sample is positive, another additional control can be requested for sample B, which should confirm or countermand the first result. Most common analzsis is done on urin sample, even though it can be done on blood. Such control is practiced on big events, on the Olympic Games and big championships. Intention of NADO is to perform constant inspection of athletes on its own territory, in order to have at least eight controls per year of top athletes. Practically, athlete must be followed during the whole career. In case athlete refuses to test, he is treated as positive to it.

Does NADO get such instruction from the regional agency or WADA?
From the regional. Most of the things are solved on RADO level. RADO central for East Europe is in Minsk, Belarus, while headquarters of WADA is in Canada, and regional office for Europe in Switzerland – Lausanne. First meeting of the Regional organisation for East Europe was held in Minsk, in March this year. Montenegro didn't participate since its National Olympic Committee wasn't recognised by the IOC. Second meeting was held in Kyev. We are talking about Board meeting, without making any decisions. Only thing done was revision of the RADO Statute, which was send to members for analysing, in order to be adopted by the beginning of next year. Also, strategic plan for 2008.-2012. was made. In order for one country to become member of RADO Board, it must accept certain principles requested by WADA. It must adopt KOD (rule book), sign Copenhagen Declaration, adopt UNESCO Convention, and give support to RADO as a member state. Board member of RADO hase four years mandate, and chairman is elected every second year, by rotation.

During your practice, have you ever met with doping problem in Montenegro?
Luckily, I'm not familiar with any such case. Though, such controls have always been expensive, and inspection was never severe as it is now. For the first time we must be systematic regarding this area.

Pediatritian in sports medicine

DR MIRA DAŠIĆ during eighties of the last century, was involved in the work of women handball club “Budućnost” as doctor. Since 1995. this cooperation was intensified and lasted until few years ago. She was also doctor of women basketball club “Budućnost”.

She followed women athletes on many important competitions. She was also doctor of the women handball national team of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, in Italy 2001. where thay won bronze medal. In this team were nine handball players from the handball club “Budućnost”.

“After this medal was won, few players from our national team were tested for doping. I must say that I felt certain awkwardness while we were waiting for the results. They were negative, of course,” says dr Dašić.

In July this year, she followed Montenegrin youth athletes to EYOF Belgrade.
“Many people are asking how come, being a pediatritian, I ended up in sports medicine. Americans have proved that pediatritians are those who must know the most about sports medicine, since sports activities start at child age,” explaines our interlocutor.

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